中國水污染危機
中國水污染問題 Spacer
捐助綠色和平 Donate to Greenpeace
中國水污染的禍害
中國水污染的禍害概況 中國工業水污染 中國水污染結語

中國的水污染事件常有發生、污染物數量居高不下,越來越多的江河湖泊成為工廠傾倒有毒有害污水的終點,直接危害中國人的飲水安全。全國三億多農村人口食水水質不達標,其中水污染造成高達九千多萬人飲用水不安全

受害的老百姓,可以做的不多。請支持我們,每日只需捐出港幣$3,資助我們走訪受污染地區,收集水樣本,進行樣本測試,找出污染來源,一起對抗工業水污染,守護中國江河,為受害者發聲。

49.2%的環境污染是源自水污染

概況

中國污水排放總量達到536.8億噸,其中工業污水排放量240.2億噸,佔排放總量的44.7%。(2006年)

44.7%的污染源自工業水污染

中國總共發生1406宗環境污染事件,其中水污染佔49.2%,達693宗。(2005年)

水污染樣本

經濟及健康:

  • 中國因包括水污染在內的環境污染,造成5,200多億元人民幣經濟損失,佔國內生產總值的4%。(2006年)預計到2020年,中國因污染引起的健康損失將佔國內生產總值的13%。
  • 中國有三億多農村人口飲用水未達安全標準,其中九千多萬人正因水污染造成飲用水不安全。
  • 2006年,中國七大水系約有三成的淡水已不能飲用,甚至不可以用來灌溉農田。中國有一半的城市地下水污染嚴重,一些地區甚至是「有河皆乾、有水皆污」。

回上回上

工業水污染

工業水污染中,以造紙、化學原料製造、電力和紡織四大行業污水排放量最大,佔中國污染排放總量近一半。

中國地圖

長江 長江流經上海、南京、重慶和武漢等中心城市,然而長江也是全國接收污水最多的河流。2006年長江流域的污水排放量超過300億噸,其中約七成排放來自工業污水。

黃河 黃河是中國第二長的河流,也是中國三條大江中污染最嚴重的,近四分之一的黃河水已經是連農業灌溉和景觀用水都不能使用的「劣五類水」。

珠江 珠江是中國南方的最大河流,其中下游的珠江三角洲,是中國重要的輕工業基地,尤其是電子工業的產值佔全國20%。珠江三角洲區中,珠三角污水排放量佔到珠江總量60%以上。

回上回上

結語

解決中國水污染刻不容緩!水污染不僅造成巨大經濟損失,更直接危害百姓的飲用水安全。中國?生部指出:「惡性腫瘤已成為中國城鄉居民的首要死因。」中國污染最嚴重的流域,陸續出現眾多像山東、江蘇、天津、河南等地的癌症村,水污染與癌症發病率之間的關係,引起廣泛關注。

支持我們,一起成就中國人民的「杯中願」。

中國工業水污染圖片

回上回上



Cases of water pollution in China are an increasingly and regular phenomenon, and with the amount of pollutants entering the water supply steadily rising, more and more lakes and rivers are becoming the dumping sites for toxic industrial waste, directly harming the water safety for millions of Chinese people. Of the 300 million agricultural villagers who already lack sufficient water for their daily lives, more than 90 million of them are directly affected by the dangers of water pollution.

For ordinary citizens directly affected by the scourge of water pollution, there is little they can do. However, with your help, we can make a difference. With only a HK$3 donation a day, you can help us as we investigate affected areas, conduct water content studies, unveil water pollution sources, and combat the illegal dumping of industrial wastes into China's water supply. With your help, we can protect the lives of China's rivers and lakes by giving a voice to those most affected.

The Current Situation

 In 2006, China's volume of polluted water reached 53.7 billion tons, of which industrial discharge accounted for 24 billion tons or 44.7% of the total.

 China had 1406 serious cases of environmental problems, of which water pollution accounted for 693, or 49.2% of the total.

(Economy and Health)

  • The effects of environmental pollution, including water pollution on China's economic development have resulted in damages of more than RMB 520 billion, or 4% of the GDP in 2006. It is estimated that by 2020, health related problems caused directly by pollution will result in economic damage that would total 13% of GDP.
  • Of the 300 million agricultural villagers who already lack sufficient water for their daily lives, more than 90 million of them do not have access to clean drinking water as a result of water pollution.
  • In 2006, about 30% of the water in China's seven largest river systems is neither suitable for consumption, nor for irrigation. One half of the underground water located in cities is considered highly polluted. In some areas, the water situation is so dire that rivers are completely dry, and water sources are completely polluted.

Back to top

Industrial Water Pollution

In China, paper manufacturing, chemicals production, electricity generation and textile manufacturing are the four largest culprits for industrial water pollution, and are responsible for almost half of all pollutive industrial discharge.

The Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) The Yangtze River flows through Shanghai, Nanjing, Chongqing, and Wuhan, and receives the most polluted water discharge among all rivers in China. In 2006, 30 billions tons of polluted water discharge released from Yangtze River, of which approximately 70% of which came from industrial discharge sources.

The Yellow River (Huang He) The Yellow River is China's second longest river, and is the most polluted river among these three rivers, with about 25% of the river water considered “Grade V quality”, even not suitable for irrigation use.

The Pearl River (Zhu Jiang) The Pearl River is the largest river in southern China, and its downstream deltas are important sites for light industry, especially electronic industry which account for 20% of national production. More than 60% of the polluted water in the Pearl River originates from the Pearl River delta.

Back to top

In Conclusion

Solving China's water pollution crisis demands immediate action! Water pollution damages the local economy, and directly threatens the water supply of ordinary citizens. China's Ministry of Health has stated that, “malignant tumors have already become the primary cause of death for Chinese agricultural villagers.” In provinces such as Shandong, Jiangsu, Tianjin and Henan, which border China's highly polluted river basins, increasing rates of cancer that is linked to water pollution is drawing increased attention and concern.

Please support us, and help us to fill their cup with hope for clean drinking water.

Back to top